Fenugreek Seed - Health Benefits of Fenugreek
Botanical Name: Trigonella foenumgraecum
Family Name : Leguminosae
Fenugreek , also called methi , is a crop plant grown as a potherb and for the spice made from its seeds . Fenugreek plant is erect, strongly scented, robust, 1-2 ft. high plant. It grows annually. Leaves compound; 3/4-1 inch long; stipules entire, leaflets 3, lanceolate, or oborate, toothed. Flowers axillary, 1-2 sessile, yellow. Pods 2-3 inches long, thin pointed, 1020 seeded, seeds emitting a peculiar odour, brownish yellow, having an oblique furrow along a part of their length.
The major use of fenugreek is in curry powders, figuring in many mixtures, especially vindaloo and the hot curries of Sri Lanka. It is an ingredient of Panch phoron, the Indian five-spice mixture. In homemade powders, the amount used can be controlled, but in cheap bought powders it often overpowers.
Origin and Distribution
Native of Europe and Ethiopia. For centuries it has grown wild in India, the Mediterranean and North Africa. where it is mainly cultivated. A limited crop grows in France. It was used by the ancient Egyptians to combat fever and grown in classical times as cattle fodder. Fenugreek is a cool season crop & it grows all over India and Pakistan.
Properties of fenugreek
Cooling, carminative, tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-dysenteric, aromatic, diuretic, nutritive, emollient, astringent, aperient and lactagogue.
Forms of Use :- As vegetable, juice, poultice.
Food Value of fenugreek
It is used as methi saag and its seeds are used as a condiment and for flavor. Its leaf contains maximum number of amino acids, constituents of protein.
Fenugreek analysis provides following composition :-
Medicinal Uses & benefits
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