Cucumber - Health Benefits of Cucumber
Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus
Family Name : Cucurbitaceae
It is a very popular vegetable cultivated in large scale. It has refreshing and cooling effect. It contains all minerals and trace elements essential for health. Many varieties of cucumber are known-from light to dark green color. It turns yellow when mature. Its size varies from 8 to 30 cm.
Origin and Distribution
Cucumber is believed to have originated in northern India. It was known to ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans and was available in China in the sixth century AD. It has now spread throughout the world. Its areas of cultivation include northern and southern India, South East Asia, China, Africa, central and South America, the Caribbean and most tropical areas
Properties of cucumber
Aromatic, stimulant, carminative, lithontriptic, antifertile, abortifacient, diuretic, galactagogic, ophthalmic and source of minerals.
Forms of Use :- Juice, decoction, essence, tincture.
Food Value of cucumber
The cucumber has a relatively high, mineral ratio. Its skin is most valuable as the cell salts and vitamins are just beneath it. So, peeling is to be avoided while eating. A valuable source of potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulphur, silicon, chlorine and fluorine. Nutritional value of food is enhanced with the addition of cucumber as salad (better prepared with the addition of carrot, tomato, radish, cabbage and curd).
Analysis of cucumber gives the following compositions (per 100 gm's of edible part):
Medicinal Uses & benefits
Cucumber has 65% alkaline and 35% acid forming minerals. This mineral balance makes cucumber a medicinally useful vegetable. It maintains alkalinity of the blood. It is a natural powerful diuretic, promoting flow of urine. It should be taken raw (skin intact) to get more benefits.
Other benefits are:-
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