Guava - Benefits of Guava Tree & Juice
Botanical Name: Psidium guajava, Linn
Family Name : Myrtaceae
A large genus of tropical and sub-tropical tree and shrubs, Guava is a native of tropical America. Its three species are cultivated in India, the most important of which is Psidium guava. An arborecent shrub or small tree, up to eight metre high; leaves light green, finely pubescent and chartaceous, flowers white and fragrant, fruits green to light yellow, but in some varieties, red, varying in shape and size to a great extent; flesh creamish white yellow, in some verieties red.
Origin and Distribution
Guava is often referred to as the apple of the tropics; it is a native of tropical America and has long been naturalized in India. Many varieties are known in cultivation, but a detailed horticultural and systematic study of the species and varieties is still lacking. However, common guava is cultivated throughout India.
Properties of grape
Fruit is tonic, cooling, laxative, astringent, anti-diarrhea and anti-dysentric.
Forms of Use :- Leaves decoction, ripe fruit, jam & jelly.
Food Value of grape
The guava is a sweet, juicy and highly flavoured fruit, eaten mostly as fresh fruit. It may also be canned, preserved or made into jam, butter, marmalades, pies, ketchups and chutneys. In some countries, guava juice is said to make an excellent substitute for orange or tomato juice in child feeding. Guava is one of the richest natural sources of vitamin C and contains 4 to 10 times of this vitamin content in citrus fruits. It also contains considerable amount of pectin. As compared to mango and apricot, guava is deficient in vitamin A but superior in most other major nutrients. Analysis of common guava is as follows (100 gms):
If you thought oranges and other citrus fruits were the kings of vitamin C, you need to meet the guava. One guava has 165 milligrams (mg) of vitamin C, while one orange has a mere 69mg. This delicious fruit is also a good source of beta carotene, lycopene, potassium and soluble fiber.
Medicinal Uses & benefits
The guava plant as well as its fruits are considered medicinal.
Guava is used in the preparation of guava cheese, canned guava and guava jelly. Processes have also been developed for drying guavas as such and as pulp in the form of sheets, and also for the preparation of products such as guava juice and juice powder, guava concentrate, and guava nector.
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