Nutritional Food
Amino Acids
Custard Apple

Home :: Guava :: Vegetables

Guava - Benefits of Guava Tree & Juice

Botanical Name: Psidium guajava, Linn

Family Name : Myrtaceae

A large genus of tropical and sub-tropical tree and shrubs, Guava is a native of tropical America. Its three species are cultivated in India, the most important of which is Psidium guava. An arborecent shrub or small tree, up to eight metre high; leaves light green, finely pubescent and chartaceous, flowers white and fragrant, fruits green to light yellow, but in some varieties, red, varying in shape and size to a great extent; flesh creamish white yellow, in some verieties red.

Origin and Distribution

Guava is often referred to as the apple of the tropics; it is a native of tropical America and has long been naturalized in India. Many varieties are known in cultivation, but a detailed horticultural and systematic study of the species and varieties is still lacking. However, common guava is cultivated throughout India.

Properties of grape

Fruit is tonic, cooling, laxative, astringent, anti-diarrhea and anti-dysentric.

Forms of Use :- Leaves decoction, ripe fruit, jam & jelly.

Food Value of grape

The guava is a sweet, juicy and highly flavoured fruit, eaten mostly as fresh fruit. It may also be canned, preserved or made into jam, butter, marmalades, pies, ketchups and chutneys. In some countries, guava juice is said to make an excellent substitute for orange or tomato juice in child feeding. Guava is one of the richest natural sources of vitamin C and contains 4 to 10 times of this vitamin content in citrus fruits. It also contains considerable amount of pectin. As compared to mango and apricot, guava is deficient in vitamin A but superior in most other major nutrients. Analysis of common guava is as follows (100 gms):

Moisture 81.7%
Protein 0.9%
Vitamin C 165mg
Carbohydrate 11.2%
Phosphorus 28 mg
Iron 1.4 mg
Calcium 28 mg
Copper 0.3 mg
Chlorine 4 mg

If you thought oranges and other citrus fruits were the kings of vitamin C, you need to meet the guava. One guava has 165 milligrams (mg) of vitamin C, while one orange has a mere 69mg. This delicious fruit is also a good source of beta carotene, lycopene, potassium and soluble fiber.

Medicinal Uses & benefits

The guava plant as well as its fruits are considered medicinal.

  1. Extracts of fruit, flowers & leaves are found active against Micrococcus pyogenes and Escherichia coli.
  2. Extracts of the fruit are found to be moderately active against enteric pathogens like Salmonella typhosa and Shigella antidysenteriae.
  3. The fruit is tonic and is very nutritive, cooling and laxative.
  4. Guava has been used in Chinese medicine to treat diabetes for a very long time
  5. The fruit is astringent in action and used against diarrhea and dysentery.
  6. Full ripe fruit, if taken without crushing the seeds, removes obstinate constipation.
  7. The vitamin C in guava may also protect your against cancer. Studies find that a high intake of vitamin C may lower your risk of developing colon, stomach, breast and lung cancers.

Guava is used in the preparation of guava cheese, canned guava and guava jelly. Processes have also been developed for drying guavas as such and as pulp in the form of sheets, and also for the preparation of products such as guava juice and juice powder, guava concentrate, and guava nector.

  • Guava Cheese:- Guava cheese is prepared from ripe and firm fruits. The fruits are washed and cut into small pieces, boiled in water and the pulp after straining to remove seeds and peels, is mixed with sugar and butter and heated until the material becomes thick. Citric acid, common salt and colouring matter are added. The whole product is allowed to set and then cut into pieces of attractive shapes. It is wrapped in butter paper and stored in a dry clean place.
  • Guava Jelly:- For the preparation of guava jelly, healthy, rather tart fruits are taken. They are washed and cut into small pieces, and after the addition of citric acid, boiled in water for about half an hour. The juice is pressed out with a muslin cloth, and examined for the richness in pectin content. It is cooked with equal quantity of sugar till the resulting jelly boils at 105°. It is cooled thereafter.
  • Canned Guava :- Fully ripe and firm fruits of white flesh and few seeds are chosen for canning. The fruits are peeled with a knife, cut into halves, and the seeds present are scooped out. The peeled cored fruits are kept 'immersed in 1-2% common salt solution to prevent browning, and canned in hot sugar syrup containing citric acid. Canned guavas often have a taste and aroma better than those of the fresh fruits. Loss of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) during canning is about 19.4%. There is a gradual loss of ascorbic acid on storage. For 6, 12 & 24 months of storage, the loss of vitamin C would be 10.0, 18.3 & 39.5%, respectively.

Vitamins || Feedback || Nutritional Blog ||

(c)Copyright Vitamins-minerals-supplements All rights reserved.

Disclaimer: Material provided on website is provided for educational purposes only. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent any disease. Always take the advice of your doctor before undertaking any diet, exercise, or other health program. We will not be liable for any complications, or other medical accidents arising from the use of any information on this web site.